The purpose of this paper is to describe a procedure to simulate impact-driven liquid jets by computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The proposed CFD model is used to investigate nozzle flow behavior under ultra-high injection pressure and jet velocities generated by the impact driven method (IDM).
A CFD technique was employed to simulate the jet generation process. The injection process was simulated by using a two-phase flow mixture model, while the projectile motion was modeled the moving mesh technique. CFD results were compared with experimental results from jets generated by the IDM.
The paper provides a procedure to simulate impact-driven liquid jets by CFD. The validation shows reasonable agreement to previous experimental results. The pressure fluctuations inside the nozzle cavity strongly affect the liquid jet formation. The average jet velocity and the injection pressure depends mainly on the impact momentum and the volume of liquid in the nozzle, while the nozzle flow behavior (pressure fluctuation) depends mainly on the liquid volume and the impact velocity.
Results may slightly deviate from the actual phenomena due to two assumptions which are the liquid compressibility depends only on the rate of change of pressure respected to the liquid volume and the super cavitation process in the generation process is not taken into account.
Results from this study will be useful for further designs of the nozzle and impact conditions for applications of jet cutting, jet penetration, needle free injection, or any related areas.
This study presents the first success of employing a commercial code with additional user defined function to calculate the complex phenomena in the nozzle flow and jet injection generated by the IDM.
This work was granted by the Office of the Higher Education Commission and Thailand Research Fund (TRF), contract No. RMU5180020, the National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) through Ubon Ratchatani University Research Grant. Wirapan Seehanam was supported by CHE PhD Scholarship.
Seehanam, W., Pianthong, K., Sittiwong, W. and Milton, B. (2014), "Injection pressure and velocity of impact-driven liquid jets", Engineering Computations, Vol. 31 No. 7, pp. 1130-1150. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-09-2012-0218Download as .RIS
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited