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A quartic trigonometric tension b-spline algorithm for nonlinear partial differential equation system

Özlem Ersoy Hepson (Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science and Letters, Eskisehir Osmangazi Üniversity, Eskisehir, Turkey)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 26 October 2020

Issue publication date: 30 June 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to construct quartic trigonometric tension (QTT) B-spline collocation algorithms for the numerical solutions of the Coupled Burgers’ equation.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite elements method (FEM) is a numerical method for obtaining an approximate solution of partial differential equations (PDEs). The development of high-speed computers enables to development FEM to solve PDEs on both complex domain and complicated boundary conditions. It also provides higher-order approximation which consists of a vector of coefficients multiplied by a set of basis functions. FEM with the B-splines is efficient due both to giving a smaller system of algebraic equations that has lower computational complexity and providing higher-order continuous approximation depending on using the B-splines of high degree.

Findings

The result of the test problems indicates the reliability of the method to get solutions to the CBE. QTT B-spline collocation approach has convergence order 3 in space and order 1 in time. So that nonpolynomial splines provide smooth solutions during the run of the program.

Originality/value

There are few numerical methods build-up using the trigonometric tension spline for solving differential equations. The tension B-spline collocation method is used for finding the solution of Coupled Burgers’ equation.

Keywords

Citation

Ersoy Hepson, Ö. (2021), "A quartic trigonometric tension b-spline algorithm for nonlinear partial differential equation system", Engineering Computations, Vol. 38 No. 5, pp. 2293-2311. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-05-2020-0289

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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