Tip leakage vortex flow (TLV) is a common flow phenomenon in the axial-flow hydraulic machinery. High-efficiency simulation of TLV is still not an easy task because of the complex turbulent vortex-cavitation interactions. As an important basis of CFD, turbulence model directly affects the efficient computation of TLV. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the newly developed MST turbulence model in predicting the TLV flows.
By using the MST turbulence model and the ZGB cavitation model, numerical simulations of the TLV generated by a NACA0009 hydrofoil were performed under the cavitation-free and cavitation conditions, and the results were compared with the available experimental data.
The important features of TLV are well captured by the MST-based simulation scheme, and the problem of under-predicting the cavitating TLV tube is well solved. Turbulent viscosity is reasonably adjusted in the TLV core regions, and the LES-like mode is activated, which is beneficial to obtain more turbulent information on the same URANS grids. The requirements of grid size and time step of the MST model are much lower than that of the LES method, thereby weighing a good balance between the simulation accuracy and computation cost.
The MST turbulence model is suitable for the high-efficiency simulation of the TLV flows, which can lay a good foundation for efficient engineering computations of the cavitating TLV in the axial-flow hydraulic machinery.
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support given by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51836010, 51779258, 51839001), National Key Research and Development Program (No. 2018YFB0606103) and Beijing Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 3182018).
Wang, C., Wang, F., Ye, C., Wang, B. and Zou, Z. (2021), "Application of the MST turbulence model to predict the tip leakage vortex flows", Engineering Computations, Vol. 38 No. 1, pp. 344-353. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-04-2020-0227
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