The purpose of this paper is to develop a finite volume approach for the simulation of three-dimensional two-phase (polymer melt and air) flow in plastic injection molding which is capable of robustly handling the mesh non-orthogonality and the discontinuities in fluid properties.
The presented numerical method is based on a cell-centered unstructured finite volume discretization with a volume-of-fluid technique for interface capturing. The over-relaxed approach is adopted to handle the non-orthogonality involved in the discretization of the face normal derivatives to enhance the robustness of the solutions on non-orthogonal meshes. A novel interpolation method for the face pressure is derived to address the numerical stability issues resulting from the density and viscosity discontinuities at the melt–air interface. Various test cases are conducted to evaluate the proposed method.
The presented method was shown to be satisfactorily accurate by comparing simulations with analytical and experimental results. Besides, the effectiveness of the proposed face pressure interpolation method was verified by numerical examples of a two-phase flow problem with various density and viscosity ratios. The proposed method was also successfully applied to the simulation of a practical filling case.
The proposed finite volume approach is more tolerant of non-orthogonal meshes and the discontinuities in fluid properties for two-phase flow simulation; therefore, it is valuable for engineers in engineering computations.
The authors would like to acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation Council of China (Grant No. 51210004, 51575207) and the National Program on Key Basic Research Project (Grant No. 2012CB025903).
Liang, J., Luo, W., Huang, Z., Zhou, H., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y. and Fu, Y. (2017), "A robust finite volume method for three-dimensional filling simulation of plastic injection molding", Engineering Computations, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 814-831. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-03-2016-0102
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