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Fast multi-objective design optimization of microwave and antenna structures using data-driven surrogates and domain segmentation

Slawomir Koziel (Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland)
Adrian Bekasiewicz (Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland)

Engineering Computations

ISSN: 0264-4401

Article publication date: 30 August 2019

Issue publication date: 30 August 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the strategies and algorithms for expedited design optimization of microwave and antenna structures in multi-objective setup.

Design/methodology/approach

Formulation of the multi-objective design problem-oriented toward execution of the population-based metaheuristic algorithm within the segmented search space is investigated. Described algorithmic framework exploits variable fidelity modeling, physics- and approximation-based representation of the structure and model correction techniques. The considered approach is suitable for handling various problems pertinent to the design of microwave and antenna structures. Numerical case studies are provided demonstrating the feasibility of the segmentation-based framework for the design of real-world structures in setups with two and three objectives.

Findings

Formulation of appropriate design problem enables identification of the search space region containing Pareto front, which can be further divided into a set of compartments characterized by small combined volume. Approximation model of each segment can be constructed using a small number of training samples and then optimized, at a negligible computational cost, using population-based metaheuristics. Introduction of segmentation mechanism to multi-objective design framework is important to facilitate low-cost optimization of many-parameter structures represented by numerically expensive computational models. Further reduction of the design cost can be achieved by enforcing equal-volumes of the search space segments.

Research limitations/implications

The study summarizes recent advances in low-cost multi-objective design of microwave and antenna structures. The investigated techniques exceed capabilities of conventional design approaches involving direct evaluation of physics-based models for determination of trade-offs between the design objectives, particularly in terms of reliability and reduction of the computational cost. Studies on the scalability of segmentation mechanism indicate that computational benefits of the approach decrease with the number of search space segments.

Originality/value

The proposed design framework proved useful for the rapid multi-objective design of microwave and antenna structures characterized by complex and multi-parameter topologies, which is extremely challenging when using conventional methods driven by population-based metaheuristics algorithms. To the authors knowledge, this is the first work that summarizes segmentation-based approaches to multi-objective optimization of microwave and antenna components.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dassault Systemes, France, for making CST Microwave Studio available. This work was supported in part by the Icelandic Centre for Research (RANNIS) Grant 174114051, and by National Science Centre of Poland Grant 2015/17/B/ST6/01857.

Citation

Koziel, S. and Bekasiewicz, A. (2019), "Fast multi-objective design optimization of microwave and antenna structures using data-driven surrogates and domain segmentation", Engineering Computations, Vol. 37 No. 2, pp. 753-788. https://doi.org/10.1108/EC-01-2019-0004

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited