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Continuous training, job satisfaction and gender: An empirical analysis using German panel data

Claudia Burgard (StepStone GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany)
Katja Görlitz (School of Business and Economics, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany and Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI), Essen, Germany)

Evidence-based HRM

ISSN: 2049-3983

Article publication date: 14 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between participation in further training courses and job satisfaction, focussing in particular on gender differences.

Design/methodology/approach

Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), a Probit-adapted OLS (POLS) model is employed which allows to account for individual fixed effects. The analysis controls for a variety of socio-demographic, job and firm characteristics.

Findings

The authors find a difference between males and females in the correlation between training and job satisfaction which is positive for males but insignificant for females. This difference becomes even more pronounced when applying individual fixed effects. To gain insights into the reasons for this difference, the authors further investigate training characteristics by gender. The authors find that financial support and career-orientation of courses only seems to matter for the job satisfaction of men but not for the satisfaction of women.

Practical implications

In Germany, financial support and career-orientation of training courses only seem to matter for the job satisfaction of men but not for the satisfaction of women. This has important implications for the investment in and outcomes of these training endeavors from both, a participant and an employer perspective.

Originality/value

This paper extends the existing literature in several ways. The authors use job satisfaction as an outcome of training which comprises non-pecuniary returns in addition to monetary returns. In addition, the authors point out gender differences and examine the heterogeneity of training courses by gender. This seems important since job satisfaction processes differ to a large extent by gender and since it is well-known that training participation also differs by gender. The panel structure of the data enables a methodological advancement in terms of accounting for time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity which is likely to matter for the results.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Thomas Bauer and Marcus Tamm, as well as participants at the Annual Conference of the CEA 2010, the 4th RGS Doctoral Conference in Economics and seminars at the RGS and at the RWI for helpful comments and suggestions. Financial support by the Ruhr Graduate School in Economics is gratefully acknowledged.

Citation

Burgard, C. and Görlitz, K. (2014), "Continuous training, job satisfaction and gender: An empirical analysis using German panel data", Evidence-based HRM, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 126-144. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBHRM-11-2012-0016

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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