The study sought to provide insight into the affective mechanisms that underlie the relationship between HRM practices and employee turnover intentions from the perspective of Korean employees. The study drew on social exchange theory and used compensation satisfaction, perceived job security and job autonomy to explain how perceptions of HRM practices affect employee turnover intentions.
The data were generated from a survey questionnaire administered to both white-collar and knowledge workers in different organizations in the Seoul Capital Area. The final sample consisted of 310 full-time employees.
The results show that compensation satisfaction and perceived job security have significant indirect negative effects on employees' intentions to leave their organization in the Korean context, which supports previous studies in Western contexts. However, the indirect effects of job autonomy on employee turnover intention were not significant in the current study.
This study continues the conversation about the important role HRM practices play in retaining valuable employees. This study offers a nuanced view of the relationship between HRM practices and employee turnover in a distinctive research setting. This study also provides realistic and practical suggestions on HRM so that organizations in Korea are able to implement HRM practices that help them retain competent employees.
An earlier version of this article was presented at the International Labour and Employment Relations Association World Congress in Seoul, South Korea on July 26, 2018. The author would like to thank Junsu Park, two anonymous reviewers, and Editor Fabian Homberg for their comments and suggestions. The author also thanks Cheon-Hoon Kim and Chang-Soo Woo for their assistance with data collection.
Oh, J. (2020), "Employee perceptions of HRM practices and their turnover intentions: evidence from South Korea", Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBHRM-04-2019-0037Download as .RIS
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