The innovation in big data is increasing day by day in such a way that the conventional software tools face several problems in managing the big data. Moreover, the occurrence of the imbalance data in the massive data sets is a major constraint to the research industry.
The purpose of the paper is to introduce a big data classification technique using the MapReduce framework based on an optimization algorithm. The big data classification is enabled using the MapReduce framework, which utilizes the proposed optimization algorithm, named chicken-based bacterial foraging (CBF) algorithm. The proposed algorithm is generated by integrating the bacterial foraging optimization (BFO) algorithm with the cat swarm optimization (CSO) algorithm. The proposed model executes the process in two stages, namely, training and testing phases. In the training phase, the big data that is produced from different distributed sources is subjected to parallel processing using the mappers in the mapper phase, which perform the preprocessing and feature selection based on the proposed CBF algorithm. The preprocessing step eliminates the redundant and inconsistent data, whereas the feature section step is done on the preprocessed data for extracting the significant features from the data, to provide improved classification accuracy. The selected features are fed into the reducer for data classification using the deep belief network (DBN) classifier, which is trained using the proposed CBF algorithm such that the data are classified into various classes, and finally, at the end of the training process, the individual reducers present the trained models. Thus, the incremental data are handled effectively based on the training model in the training phase. In the testing phase, the incremental data are taken and split into different subsets and fed into the different mappers for the classification. Each mapper contains a trained model which is obtained from the training phase. The trained model is utilized for classifying the incremental data. After classification, the output obtained from each mapper is fused and fed into the reducer for the classification.
The maximum accuracy and Jaccard coefficient are obtained using the epileptic seizure recognition database. The proposed CBF-DBN produces a maximal accuracy value of 91.129%, whereas the accuracy values of the existing neural network (NN), DBN, naive Bayes classifier-term frequency–inverse document frequency (NBC-TFIDF) are 82.894%, 86.184% and 86.512%, respectively. The Jaccard coefficient of the proposed CBF-DBN produces a maximal Jaccard coefficient value of 88.928%, whereas the Jaccard coefficient values of the existing NN, DBN, NBC-TFIDF are 75.891%, 79.850% and 81.103%, respectively.
In this paper, a big data classification method is proposed for categorizing massive data sets for meeting the constraints of huge data. The big data classification is performed on the MapReduce framework based on training and testing phases in such a way that the data are handled in parallel at the same time. In the training phase, the big data is obtained and partitioned into different subsets of data and fed into the mapper. In the mapper, the features extraction step is performed for extracting the significant features. The obtained features are subjected to the reducers for classifying the data using the obtained features. The DBN classifier is utilized for the classification wherein the DBN is trained using the proposed CBF algorithm. The trained model is obtained as an output after the classification. In the testing phase, the incremental data are considered for the classification. New data are first split into subsets and fed into the mapper for classification. The trained models obtained from the training phase are used for the classification. The classified results from each mapper are fused and fed into the reducer for the classification of big data.
This paper forms part of a special section “Knowledge and Data mining for Recent and advanced applications using Emerging Technologies”, guest edited by Vijaya P and Binu D.
R, S., L, R., K, L., V, B. and J, S.B. (2021), "Chicken swarm foraging algorithm for big data classification using the deep belief network classifier", Data Technologies and Applications, Vol. 55 No. 3, pp. 332-352. https://doi.org/10.1108/DTA-08-2019-0146
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited