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An assessment of forerunners for customer loyalty in the selected financial sector by SEM approach toward their effect on business

Subhankar Das (Institute of Socio-Economics, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam)
Anand Nayyar (Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam)
Inderpal Singh (Institute of Management and Technology, Lyallpur Khalsa College, Jalandhar, India)

Data Technologies and Applications

ISSN: 2514-9288

Article publication date: 17 October 2019

Issue publication date: 22 October 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe the relationship between the precursors and consequences of customer loyalty (CL) in the Indian financial sector, specially banking and insurance context, taking a sample of individual customers as respondents from the Indian State of Punjab.

Design/methodology/approach

The collected data have been analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis techniques. Specifically, descriptive statistics have been assessed to examine the basic characteristics of the sample data. Confirmatory factor analysis with maximum likelihood criteria has been adopted for the measurement and validation of various constructs. Independent samples t-test has been used to compare the CL of public and private firms, banks and insurance firms, and for some of the demographic variables like gender, marital status, etc. One-way ANOVA has been used to compare the CL for variables having more than two groups. Structural equation modeling (SEM) has been used to measure the impact of CL on the BP of financial services firms.

Findings

The result shows that BP is a higher-order construct measured in terms of word-of-mouth, repurchase intention, price premium and share of wallet. Though each of the four measures of CL is special and unique in nature, yet a high level of positive correlation has been seen among these dimensions. The study reveals that CL is not significantly different for the banking firms and insurance firms in Punjab.

Research limitations/implications

The authors consider this work as one of the foundational elements that will enable further advances toward the governance of multi-layer business impact modeling systems. Extensive usability tests would enable to further confirm the findings of the paper. This study contributes to the customer relationship management and services marketing literature by providing empirical support for CL and BP relationship in the Indian context.

Practical implications

The approach described here should improve the maintainability, reuse and clarity of business process models and in extension improve data for CL in large banking and insurance organizations. The approaches described here should improve the maintainability, reuse and clarity of loyalty and relationship of the customer with that of organizations. This can improve data for customer relationship and loyalty in banking and insurance sector.

Originality/value

This paper fulfills an identified gap to enabling SEM enabled models for data regarding customer relationship and loyalty. Loyalty revolves around the concept of relationship. CL is not a new concept, but recent years have demonstrated a developing interest to fabricate CL because of customer-oriented techniques or strategies. Over the previous era, CL has been broadly inspected inside marketing, trades and transactions. It can be concluded that the CL significantly influences BP.

Keywords

Citation

Das, S., Nayyar, A. and Singh, I. (2019), "An assessment of forerunners for customer loyalty in the selected financial sector by SEM approach toward their effect on business", Data Technologies and Applications, Vol. 53 No. 4, pp. 546-561. https://doi.org/10.1108/DTA-04-2019-0059

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited