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How do government regulations and policies respond to the growing online-enabled transportation service (OETS) in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Taiwan?

Dyah Mutiarin (Department of Government Affairs and Administration, JK School of Government, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, D.I. Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Achmad Nurmandi (Department of Government Affairs and Administration, JK School of Government, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, D.I. Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Hazel Jovita (Department of Political Science, MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology, Iligan City, Philippines)
Mukti Fajar (Department of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Bantul, D.I. Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Yao-Nan Lien (College of Information and Electrical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan)

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance

ISSN: 2398-5038

Article publication date: 20 May 2019

Issue publication date: 14 August 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the dynamic context of the sharing economy in the transportation sector. This paper looks into the development of government regulations on the growing business of transportation network companies in Indonesia, the Philippines (represented as middle-income countries) and Taiwan (high-income country). How do government regulations and policies respond to the growing online-enabled transportation service (OETS) in Indonesia, the Philippines and Taiwan?

Design/methodology/approach

This study is qualitative-comparative research. Data on the transportation sector of each country have been gathered from reputable online sources.

Findings

Authors found evidence that the policy responses made by the Governments of Indonesia, Philippines and Taiwan to the sharing economy in the transportation sector are incremental and trial-error based policies.

Research limitations

This paper has not addressed the policy issues’ relationship between driver and platform companies.

Practical implications

The future of the relationship between sharing firms and local governments suggests that the focus should be on stronger consumer protections, deeper economic redistribution and achievement of other policy aims (Rauch and Schleicher, 2015).

Originality/value

This is a comparative study on different levels of economy, particularly between low- or middle-income and high-income country.

Keywords

Citation

Mutiarin, D., Nurmandi, A., Jovita, H., Fajar, M. and Lien, Y.-N. (2019), "How do government regulations and policies respond to the growing online-enabled transportation service (OETS) in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Taiwan?", Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 419-437. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPRG-01-2019-0001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited