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Mitigation of road traffic crash hazard in Pakistan

Muhammad Masood Rafi (Department of Earthquake Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan)
Ashar Hashmat Lodi (Exponent Engineers (Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Pakistan)
Muhammad Arsalan Effendi (Transportation Research Institute (IMOB), University of Hasselt, Hasselt, Belgium)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 28 October 2014




Road traffic crashes (RTCs) result in creating significant social and economic hazard for affectees, their families and society. The purpose of this paper is to present studies which were conducted to study the patterns of RTCs in Karachi which is a metropolitan city of Pakistan. The studies were conducted on one of the busiest roads in the city named as Shara-e-Faisal. The influence and contribution of different factors in RTCs has been studied and hazardous road sections of Shara-e-Faisal have been identified. Based on the data analysis, an evaluation model has been suggested to reduce the hazard of RTCs on Shara-e-Faisal. The objective of the presented studies is to increase the present level of safety of road travel by reducing crashes on Shara-e-Faisal.


Existing data of RTCs in Karachi have been analysed for the presented studies. For this purpose, Shara-e-Faisal was divided in sections of 1 km length to study the vehicle crash pattern. Location surveys were conducted to record physical conditions of this road. A cluster analysis was carried out to identify hazardous sections of the road. An evaluation model has been suggested in the end to reduce the hazard of RTCs by identifying hazardous road sections of Shara-e-Faisal.


The analysis of the data revealed that the crashes were higher over weekend and on Monday. Male population, particularly young people, and motorcycle riders were the largest affectees of RTCs. In general, more daytime crashes were recorded as compared to nighttime crashes. The crashes in the mid block of the road and those involving rear-end collisions were higher. The hazardous road locations were related to poor road conditions. Statistical analysis indicated that alternate routes were required to reduce the RTC hazard on Shara-e-Faisal.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is a small, but an original, contribution to identify a potential hazard which is faced by the community in the city. This is the first attempt (to the best of authors’ knowledge) to address the issue of RTCs in Karachi from an engineering view point.

Practical implications

The suggested model can be employed by the authorities as a guideline to mitigate the hazard of road crashes in the country.


The paper provides valuable information on the road traffic incidents, their pattern and contributing factors in one of the largest metropolis of Pakistan. The suggested model can become helpful in reducing RTCs in Pakistan.



The authors wish to acknowledge the support provided by Jinnah Postgraduate Medical College (JPMC) in providing the records of crashes.


Masood Rafi, M., Hashmat Lodi, A. and Arsalan Effendi, M. (2014), "Mitigation of road traffic crash hazard in Pakistan", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 567-585.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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