The purpose of this paper is to analyze flood vulnerability vis-à-vis flood-induced health risks, and understand the relationship between them to suggest measures to reduce health risks in Sudan.
This study compares the vulnerability to flood and health consequences in two communities in Aroma. This study compares the vulnerability of Aroma semi-urban vicinity and Tendellei rural village, in Sudan, to flood and health consequences. A set of socioeconomic and health indicators were studied in 251 households. Households were classified according to their calculated vulnerability composite index. The index was validated through comparing the vulnerability values with the level of impact in each household.
About 30 percent of households are highly/very highly vulnerable to flood risk. On the other hand, 41 percent of the rural households and 25 percent of the semi-urban houses are highly/very highly vulnerable to health risks. The main determinants of flood vulnerability are; the number of earning family members, level of education and economic activity of the household's head. The rural households are found to be more vulnerable to health risks while semi-urban households are more vulnerable to flooding. Flood and health vulnerabilities are positively correlated. Factors like urbanization, poverty and education directly affect the vulnerability of communities.
The methodology could be strengthened through the running of multi-various regression to relate selected vulnerability indicators to incidence of malaria and diarrhea in each household.
The method described in this paper is flexible; applicable and can be reproduced for other areas and risks.
Vulnerability determinants affect the two communities differently and this necessitates specific consideration when developing policy. The policy should tackle the root causes of vulnerability to cut the vicious circle of poverty, illiteracy and illness. Those root causes should be managed by integrating multi-hazard approaches for effective and efficient interventions.
The method described in this paper is original, flexible; applicable and can be reproduced for other areas and risks.
The authors would like to thank the families who agreed to participate in this study and the group of experts who assisted to identify and select the study variables. The gratitude is extended to the Federal and Kassala State Ministry of Health for their support and share of the secondary data. Finally, the authors extend appreciation to Ms Veronique Morin Doctoral Candidate of the DPMM Interdisciplinary Academic program of AIT, for English language editing and suggestions for improving the quality of this paper.
Bashier Abbas, H. and K. Routray, J. (2014), "Vulnerability to flood-induced public health risks in Sudan", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 395-419. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-07-2013-0112Download as .RIS
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