Up to now, no extensive work has addressed the capacity and resiliency of pre-school children, nor the importance of extending disaster preparedness education to them. The purpose of this paper is to show that given the right learning tools to engage them, in this case a comic strip designed for this purpose by the first author, pre-school children are able to demonstrate the extent of their learning well.
Comic strips have been used in a number of ways to enhance knowledge and education, including for disaster risk reduction (DRR). Their use as learning stimuli is outlined, showing their historical context as well as their potential for future use. The methodology used included classroom observations, coupled with interviews with some of the class.
The research showed that pre-school children engaged with and responded to the comic strips in a positive manner while the blank comic strips allowed learners to make sense of the topic through the retelling of the story, allowing them to be placed within a schema of understanding deemed essential for deeper level learning.
The research is significant because it shows that, even at a young age, complex cognitive process were engaged in order for learners to take their new knowledge, place it within the context of their own experience and re-tell it to others. This pattern of reflection, reasoning and testing is important for triple-loop learning, which may hold the key to truly resilient individuals and communities.
The authors of the paper would like to extend their gratitude for the assistance of Ms Heshmati from IIEES, and the Payaam kindergarten in Region 1, North Tehran, especially Mrs Shirazian, Akhavan and Behzadi and all those children and parents who have kindly and eagerly contributed to this study.
Sharpe, J. and O. Izadkhah, Y. (2014), "Use of comic strips in teaching earthquakes to kindergarten children", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 23 No. 2, pp. 138-156. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-05-2013-0083Download as .RIS
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