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International drug policy – health before politics

Chris Ford (International Doctors for Healthier Drug Policies (IDHDP), London, UK)
Sebastian Saville (London, UK)

Drugs and Alcohol Today

ISSN: 1745-9265

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explain how international drug policy continues to have a hugely damaging effect on population health, human rights and wellbeing, not only on individuals who consume and/or sell drugs but also on societies as a whole. And to review whether anything has changed after United Nations General Assembly Special Session.

Design/methodology/approach

UNGASS had been seen as a real opportunity for scientific evidence to become the driver of future drug policy. This paper looks at any changes that have since taken place that might support such an aspiration.

Findings

The authors found the criminalisation and incarceration of people who use drugs, mainly from the most marginalised sections of society, remains the primary response in almost every member state of the UN and there are at least 33 countries that retain the death penalty for drug offences. The impact on the health of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) living with HIV is devastating and overdose and AIDS related mortality are the leading causes of death. Hepatitis C infections among PWIDs are increasing at epidemic levels even though this now a curable disease.

Practical implications

Changes in drug policy urgently needed.

Originality/value

This paper is an important review of the health implications of bad drug policy.

Keywords

Citation

Ford, C. and Saville, S. (2017), "International drug policy – health before politics", Drugs and Alcohol Today, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 113-123. https://doi.org/10.1108/DAT-01-2017-0004

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited