Influence of screen printing parameters on the front metallic electrodes geometry of solar cells

Kazimierz Drabczyk (Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland)
Piotr Panek (Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland)

Circuit World

ISSN: 0305-6120

Publication date: 28 January 2014

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to present results of investigations carried out on the front electrode of the solar cell. The front-side electrode for solar cells based on crystalline material is obtained by the screen printing method. Screen printing has been the prevailing method of electrode deposition because of its low cost. One of the ways to improve the cell efficiency and reduce the production costs is a further refinement of the metal electrode screen printing process.

Design/methodology/approach

The researches were focused on the modification of mechanical parameters of screen printing process to ensure the best possible cross-section of the front electrode geometry. The main printing process parameters were constant, however, the print speed was variable. The obtained fine line of front contact was characterized morphologically – the dimension and geometry of the front contact cross-section – by scanning electron microscopy technique.

Findings

The thin paths of 100 μm in width were screen printed applying a new silver-paste made by Du Pont. The printing speed has significant effect on print quality in the way that the lower speed enhanced the printed results.

Research limitations/implications

For newest pastes (e.g. PV17D) influence of screen printing parameters on the front metallic electrodes geometry of solar cell is not so significant. Presented screen printing process can still give good results, but the further optimization for the new paste must be performed to achieve better cross-section geometry.

Originality/value

This paper confirms that one-step screen printing process can still give good results. The screen printed thin paths of 100 μm in width have good cross-section aspect ratio.

Keywords

Citation

Drabczyk, K. and Panek, P. (2014), "Influence of screen printing parameters on the front metallic electrodes geometry of solar cells", Circuit World, Vol. 40 No. 1, pp. 23-26. https://doi.org/10.1108/CW-10-2013-0038

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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