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An integrated model of destination sustainable competitiveness

Zahra Nadalipour (Faculty of Tourism, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad Hossein Imani Khoshkhoo (Faculty of Tourism, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran)
Abdolreza Roknoddin Eftekhari (Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 15 July 2019




This study aims at developing a framework to investigate and analyze sustainable competitiveness in tourism destinations.


This study has a qualitative approach, and it has been conducted by use of a comprehensive literature review. First, the key concepts of the study such as destination competitiveness, sustainable development, stakeholders’ attitude and performance and tourist loyalty were identified. Then, an integrative review was conducted on literature regarding the mentioned keywords. More related resources were selected and critically reviewed to explore gaps. For this purpose, a search was conducted at databases such as Emerald, Elsevier and ScienceDirect.


An appropriate framework for tourism sustainable development and, in particular, for its sustainable competitiveness, requires considering economic, sociocultural and ecological dimensions on the one hand, and considering all stakeholders participating in tourism process on the other hand.

Research limitations/implications

The model suggested in this study can be applied by managers and policymakers in various destinations to investigate true competitiveness situation of their tourist destinations. It also can be theoretically a start point to raise further issues and studies on destination competitiveness by adopting a new sustainability approach.


From reviewing previous studies, it is clear that most models developed on destination competitiveness only consider creation of competitiveness and destination’s characteristics. In addition, a sustainability approach has rarely been considered in these studies. A model or a framework specially designed for evaluating and investigating sustainability of destination competitiveness has not been developed yet. In this sense, the proposed framework in this study is a new one. What differentiates this model with previous ones is the sustainability approach to the competitiveness and taking all stakeholders of the competition process into account.



Nadalipour, Z., Imani Khoshkhoo, M.H. and Eftekhari, A.R. (2019), "An integrated model of destination sustainable competitiveness", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 314-335.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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