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A synthetic indicator of corruption for Latin America: a global vision

Gilberto Cardenas Cardenas (Economics and Public Department of Finance, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
Sofía García Gamez (Applied Economics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)
Alvaro Salas Suarez (Department of Economics and Public Finance, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 19 March 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an overview of the phenomenon of corruption in Latin America and to propose a synthetic aggregate indicator to compress most of the statistical information available on corruption for Latin American countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The indicator of corruption has been obtained through factor analysis by applying the principal component methodology.

Findings

The authors have managed to obtain a single component that reproduces and synthesizes 86 per cent of all the information about corruption in Latin America gathered by prestigious institutions.

Research limitations/implications

The authors are aware that their study is not free from limitations. The first limitation is associated with the impossibility of incorporating information related to the phenomenon of corruption from the indicator called Latinobarómetro, as the economies of Cuba and Haiti (included in this research) are not part of the sample analyzed by that indicator. Second, this study reproduces and synthesizes 86 per cent of all available information by prestigious institutions about corruption in Latin America, and although this percentage is significant, it does not constitute 100 per cent.

Originality/value

This study has created a new indicator that gathers methodologies to measure corruption in Latin American countries.

Keywords

Citation

Cardenas Cardenas, G., García Gamez, S. and Salas Suarez, A. (2018), "A synthetic indicator of corruption for Latin America: a global vision", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 28 No. 2, pp. 194-212. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-09-2017-0061

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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