The purpose of this paper is to investigate the joint influence of two factors (companies’ performance and growth) on the company’s capital structure and to determine the conditions for financially sustainable competitive strategies in the coordinates profitability and growth.
The study sample includes 1,996 companies from 6 high-tech industries in Russia (panel data: 7,984 observations). The authors use regression models with random effects and carry out a three-dimensional visualization of the resulting dependencies.
The study found that profitability improves the capital structure (reduces the share of borrowed capital) and, on the contrary, the growth of companies (assets growth or sales growth) increases the leverage ratio. In the case of assets growth, the combined influence of two factors reduces the negative effect of assets growth. The results have shown that the outstripping growth of most high-tech companies requires an increase in debt capital and deterioration in the capital structure and financial stability.
In general, based on the results of this study, the authors have identified groups of fast-growing companies that need financial support, and have defined the main areas of impact (reducing the loan burden and increasing profitability) that will allow these companies to maintain high growth rates and demonstrate advanced development.
The relationships (which the authors identified between the control variables, the studied variables and leverage) were obtained for the first time for a sample of companies in high-tech industries and services in bigger transition country (Russia).
The research is conducted with financial support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) in the frames of scientific and research project of RFBR named “Drivers for the development of enterprises in Russia’s high-tech industries and services under sanctions: economic analysis and econometric modeling,” project N 19-010-00927 (a).
Spitsin, V., Vukovic, D.B., Spitsina, L. and Özer, M. (2022), "The impact of high-tech companies’ performance and growth on capital structure", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 32 No. 6, pp. 975-994. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-03-2021-0042
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