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The impact of high-tech companies’ performance and growth on capital structure

Vladislav Spitsin (School of Engineering Entrepreneurship, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation and Department of Economics, Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
Darko B. Vukovic (Finance and Credit Department, Faculty of Economics, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moskva, Russian Federation; International Laboratory for Finance and Financial Markets, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moskva, Russian Federation and Geografski institut Jovan Cvijic Srpske akademije nauka i umetnosti, Beograd, Serbia)
Lubov Spitsina (School of Core Engineering Education, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
Mustafa Özer (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 5 July 2021

Issue publication date: 16 November 2022

517

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the joint influence of two factors (companies’ performance and growth) on the company’s capital structure and to determine the conditions for financially sustainable competitive strategies in the coordinates profitability and growth.

Design/methodology/approach

The study sample includes 1,996 companies from 6 high-tech industries in Russia (panel data: 7,984 observations). The authors use regression models with random effects and carry out a three-dimensional visualization of the resulting dependencies.

Findings

The study found that profitability improves the capital structure (reduces the share of borrowed capital) and, on the contrary, the growth of companies (assets growth or sales growth) increases the leverage ratio. In the case of assets growth, the combined influence of two factors reduces the negative effect of assets growth. The results have shown that the outstripping growth of most high-tech companies requires an increase in debt capital and deterioration in the capital structure and financial stability.

Practical implications

In general, based on the results of this study, the authors have identified groups of fast-growing companies that need financial support, and have defined the main areas of impact (reducing the loan burden and increasing profitability) that will allow these companies to maintain high growth rates and demonstrate advanced development.

Originality/value

The relationships (which the authors identified between the control variables, the studied variables and leverage) were obtained for the first time for a sample of companies in high-tech industries and services in bigger transition country (Russia).

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research is conducted with financial support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) in the frames of scientific and research project of RFBR named “Drivers for the development of enterprises in Russia’s high-tech industries and services under sanctions: economic analysis and econometric modeling,” project N 19-010-00927 (a).

Citation

Spitsin, V., Vukovic, D.B., Spitsina, L. and Özer, M. (2022), "The impact of high-tech companies’ performance and growth on capital structure", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 32 No. 6, pp. 975-994. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-03-2021-0042

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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