To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Revealed comparative advantage for US textiles and apparel

Zahra Saki (Department of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)
Marguerite Moore (Department of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)
Ivan Kandilov (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)
Lori Rothenberg (Department of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)
A. Blanton Godfrey (Department of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)

Competitiveness Review

ISSN: 1059-5422

Article publication date: 15 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to identify US textile and apparel (TAP) products and categories that demonstrate export comparative advantage and their respective country destinations.

Design/methodology/approach

Revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and normalized revealed comparative advantage (NRCA) in the long term (1996-2016) and short term (2010-2016) using two-digit Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System codes (HS codes) provide an insight into export advantage of TAP products. Non-parametric rank correlation (i.e. Spearman rank correlation) tests consistency between RCA and NRCA. Subsequently, NRCA using four-digit HS codes identify textile sub-categories with export comparative advantage. Bilateral trade data identify export destinations for sub-categories that indicate US export comparative advantage in the short term.

Findings

Aggregated product-level comparison of RCA and NRCA ranking indicates a consistent positive correlation between the two indices. The disaggregated findings reveal cotton fiber HS5201, artificial filament tow HS5502, non-wovens HS5603, cotton yarn HS5205, carpet and other floor coverings HS5703 and worn clothing HS6309 as sources of US TAP export advantage.

Originality/value

This research provides a comprehensive, current analysis of the US competitive position within the TAP global environment. Incorporation of NRCA into the study’s design demonstrates the flexibility of this measure in a new industry context.

Keywords

Citation

Saki, Z., Moore, M., Kandilov, I., Rothenberg, L. and Godfrey, A.B. (2019), "Revealed comparative advantage for US textiles and apparel", Competitiveness Review, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 462-478. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-03-2018-0025

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited