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Efficient high-resolution electric and magnetic field simulations inside the human body in the vicinity of wireless power transfer systems with varying models

Norman Haussmann (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)
Robin Mease (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)
Martin Zang (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)
Steven Stroka (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)
Hendrik Hensel (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)
Markus Clemens (Chair of Electromagnetic Theory, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany)

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 18 November 2022

Issue publication date: 20 June 2023

130

Abstract

Purpose

Magneto-quasi-static fields emanated by inductive charging systems can be potentially harmful to the human body. Recent projects, such as TALAKO and MILAS, use the technique of wireless power transfer (WPT) to charge batteries of electrically powered vehicles. To ensure the safety of passengers, the exposing magnetic flux density needs to be measured in situ and compared to reference limit values. However, in the design phase of these systems, numerical simulations of the emanated magnetic flux density are inevitable. This study aims to present a tool along with a workflow, based on the Scaled-Frequency Finite Difference Time-Domain and Co-Simulation Scalar Potential Finite Difference schemes, to determine body-internal magnetic flux densities, electric field strengths and induced voltages into cardiac pacemakers. The simulations should be time efficient, with lower computational costs and minimal human workload.

Design/methodology/approach

The numerical assessment of the human exposure to magneto-quasi-static fields is computationally expensive, especially when considering high-resolution discretization models of vehicles and WPT systems. Incorporating human body models into the simulation further enhances the number of mesh cells by multiple millions. Hence, the number of simulations including all components and human models needs to be limited while efficient numerical schemes need to be applied.

Findings

This work presents and compares four exposure scenarios using the presented numerical methods. By efficiently combining numerical methods, the simulation time can be reduced by a factor of 3.5 and the required storage space by almost a factor of 4.

Originality/value

This work presents and discusses an efficient way to determine the exposure of human beings in the vicinity of wireless power transfer systems that saves computer simulation resources and human workload.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) under grant numbers 01MZ19002B and 01MV21020A.

Citation

Haussmann, N., Mease, R., Zang, M., Stroka, S., Hensel, H. and Clemens, M. (2023), "Efficient high-resolution electric and magnetic field simulations inside the human body in the vicinity of wireless power transfer systems with varying models", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 42 No. 4, pp. 903-913. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-09-2022-0312

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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