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Eliminating short switching cycles when using hysteresis control of resistance spot welding systems

Jernej Černelič (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor , Maribor, Slovenia)
Robert Brezovnik (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor , Maribor, Slovenia)
Primož Sukič (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor , Maribor, Slovenia)
Martin Petrun (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor , Maribor, Slovenia)

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present two hysteresis-control algorithms designed for medium-frequency, direct-current, resistance-spot-welding (MFDC RSW) systems. The first proposed control algorithm (MSCHC) eliminates the short switching cycles that can occur when using the existing hysteresis-control algorithms. This control minimises the number of switching cycles that are needed to generate the selected welding current. The welding-current ripple can be high when using this control algorithm. Therefore, a second algorithm (HCRR) is presented that reduces the welding-current ripple by half.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed hysteresis controllers consist of the transformer’s magnetic-flux-density hysteresis regulator and a welding-current hysteresis regulator. Therefore, the welding current must be measured and the saturation of the iron core must be detected. The proposed hysteresis controller supplies the inverter with the signals needed to generate the supply voltage for the RSW transformer, which then generates the selected welding current.

Findings

The proposed MSCHC algorithm produces the smallest possible number of switching cycles needed to generate the selected welding current. The high welding-current ripple can be reduced if the number of switching cycles is increased. The observed number of switching cycles and the welding-current ripple change if the welding resistance and/or inductance change.

Originality/value

The number of switching cycles can be minimised when using the first proposed control algorithm (MSCHC), and so the switching power losses can be minimised. If the welding-current ripple produced by the first control algorithm is unacceptable, the second control algorithm (HCRR) can reduce it by increasing the number of switching cycles.

Keywords

Citation

Černelič, J., Brezovnik, R., Sukič, P. and Petrun, M. (2017), "Eliminating short switching cycles when using hysteresis control of resistance spot welding systems", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 791-803. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-09-2016-0429

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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