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Harmonic losses in high-speed PM synchronous machines

Irina Yu. Kruchinina (Department of Energy Problems, Institute of Silicate Chemistry , Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Yuvenaliy Khozikov ( Institute of Silicate Chemistry , Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Alexandr Liubimtsev ( Institute of Silicate Chemistry , Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)
Valentina Paltceva ( Institute of Silicate Chemistry , Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is the development of a new numerical method for the calculation of the air-gap magnetic flux harmonics in synchronous machines with permanent magnet (PM) excitation. The harmonic analysis results are used as input data for the eddy-current loss calculation and for the rotor heating evaluation.

Design/methodology/approach

The method is based on the finite element analysis (FEA). The model takes into account toothed stator design, rotor asymmetrical magnetic reluctance and saturation. At first, a series of static DC magnetic (magnetostatic) simulations is run. Each problem corresponds to specific rotor position and the momentary stator winding currents. The Fourier analysis performed for each problem yields the harmonic spectrum variation in time. Then, a series of AC magnetic (time-harmonic) simulations is run. Each problem corresponds to a specific harmonic. The result is the eddy-current losses distribution. After total loss is calculated, the heat transfer analysis is conducted.

Findings

The analysis reveals that 90 per cent of losses are located in the sleeve that holds PMs together. Rotor eccentricity brings even harmonics of low magnitude that have little impact on heating.

Originality/value

In general, the study requires transient electromagnetic analysis with motion. The purposed method allows to simplify the problem. The method is based on static and quasi-static (time-harmonic) problems simulation. It is fast and highly automated. The method allows simultaneous taking into account of tooth-order harmonics, stator winding harmonics and eccentricity for heating calculation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research work is supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) under grant: 14-08-00817_a (2014-2016).

Citation

Kruchinina, I.Y., Khozikov, Y., Liubimtsev, A. and Paltceva, V. (2017), "Harmonic losses in high-speed PM synchronous machines", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 683-691. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-09-2016-0401

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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