The purpose of this study is to determine the steady state of an electromagnetic structure using the finite element method (FEM) without calculation of the transient state. The proposed method permits to reduce the computation time if the transient state is important.
In the case of coupling magnetic and electric circuit equations to obtain the steady state with periodic conditions, an approach can be to discretise the time with periodic conditions and to solve the equation system. Unfortunately, the computation time can be prohibitive. In this paper, the authors proposed to use the waveform relaxation method associated with the Newton method to accelerate the convergence.
The obtained results show that the proposed approach is efficient if the transient state is important. On the contrary, if the transient state is very low, it is preferable to use the classical approach, namely, the time-stepping FEM.
The main limitation of the proposed approach is the necessity to evaluate or to know the time constant and consequently the duration of the transient state. Moreover the method requires some important memory resources.
In the context of the use of the time-stepping FEM, one of the problems is the computation time which can be important to obtain the steady state. The proposed method permits avoidance of this difficulty and directly gives the steady state.
The proposed approach will permit to model and study the electromagnetic systems in the steady state, and particularly the transformers. Because of the gain in computing time, the use of optimisation techniques will be facilitated.
The novelty of this study is the proposal of the waveform relaxation–Newton method to directly obtain the steady state when applied to the three-phase transformer.
Caron, G., Henneron, T., Piriou, F. and Mipo, J.-C. (2017), "Waveform relaxation–Newton method to determine steady state of an electromagnetic structure: Application to a three-phase transformer", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 729-740. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-09-2016-0388
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