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Design of an enhanced fractional order PID controller for a class of second-order system

N. Kanagaraj (Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Al-dawasir, Saudi Arabia)
Vishwa Nath Jha (Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Al-dawasir, Saudi Arabia)

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 8 June 2021

Issue publication date: 20 August 2021

136

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to design a modified fractional order proportional integral derivative (PID) (FO[PI]λDµ) controller based on the principle of fractional calculus and investigate its performance for a class of a second-order plant model under different operating conditions. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is compared with the classical controllers.

Design/methodology/approach

The fractional factor related to the integral term of the standard FO[PI]λDµ controller is applied as a common fractional factor term for the proportional plus integral coefficients in the proposed controller structure. The controller design is developed using the regular closed-loop system design specifications such as gain crossover frequency, phase margin, robustness to gain change and two more specifications, namely, noise reduction and disturbance elimination functions.

Findings

The study results of the designed controller using matrix laboratory software are analyzed and compared with an integer order PID and a classical FOPIλDµ controller, the proposed FO[PI]λDµ controller exhibit a high degree of performance in terms of settling time, fast response and no overshoot.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a methodology for the FO[PI]λDµ controller design for a second-order plant model using the closed-loop system design specifications. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is demonstrated under different operating conditions such as external load disturbances and input parameter change.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This research received no external funding.

Citation

Kanagaraj, N. and Jha, V.N. (2021), "Design of an enhanced fractional order PID controller for a class of second-order system", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 40 No. 3, pp. 579-592. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-08-2020-0267

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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