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Local overheating of transformers with high currents

Robert Sitar (Transformer Department, Končar Electrical Engineering Institute, Zagreb, Croatia)
Žarko Janić (Siemens E T TR LPT GTC RES, Končar Power Transformers Ltd, Zagreb, Croatia)
Željko Štih (Department of Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Measurements, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia)



The purpose of the paper is to compare losses and temperatures in power transformer tanks for different high current lead arrangements.


3D computational tools MagNet and ThermNet based on the finite element method are used to calculate magnetic field distribution in 3D models of power transformers. Eddy current losses in conducting metal parts are induced by the stray magnetic field of transformer windings and high current leads. From loss distribution and appropriate cooling condition temperature values are calculated.


From calculation results it is possible to understand advantages and disadvantages of different lead arrangements. The analysis is finalized with a short presentation of the influence of magnetic shielding height on temperature and loss values.


Results give transformer designer clearer understanding of precautions that should be taken for avoiding high temperatures on the tank wall of a transformer.



Sitar, R., Janić, Ž. and Štih, Ž. (2015), "Local overheating of transformers with high currents", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 550-560.



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Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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