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Calculation of Lorentz force in planar EMAT for thickness measurement of steel plate

Jun Tu (School of Mechanical Engineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China)
Tao Chen (Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China)
Zhi Xiong (Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China)
Xiaochun Song (Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China)
Songling Huang (Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China)

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to better understand the generation and transmission mechanism of the electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT).

Design/methodology/approach

A semi-analytical method was used to calculate the Lorentz force. Both the hypothetical magnetic field mirror method and the diffusion equation were adopted to solve the eddy current distribution by variables separation method in time domain. A three-dimension magnetostatic finite element model was used to calculate the static magnetic field and the relative permeability. And an experimental platform with a piezoelectric probe to generate and an EMAT to receive, the ultrasonic wave was set up to verify the distribution of the Lorentz force.

Findings

The Lorentz force at different time and in different positions of the steel plate can be easily calculated. The experimental results show a good agreement with the analytical results.

Originality/value

The accurate prediction of the Lorentz force provides an insight into the physical phenomenon of EMAT and a powerful tool to design optimum EMAT.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This project is funded by the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (Grant No. 2015CFB601 and Grant No. 2014CKB506), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grand No. 51575165) and National Key Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development Projects (Grand No. 2013YQ140505).

Citation

Tu, J., Chen, T., Xiong, Z., Song, X. and Huang, S. (2017), "Calculation of Lorentz force in planar EMAT for thickness measurement of steel plate", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 1257-1269. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-05-2016-0180

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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