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Analysis of leakage field and current non-uniformity for HTS transformer windings using three dimension coupled field-circuit approach

Daoyu Hu (Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)
Zhuyong Li (Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)
Zhiyong Hong (Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)
Zhijian Jin (Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China)

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of different types of winding configurations on the distribution of leakage field and branch currents for a 330-kVA high-temperature superconducting (HTS) transformer winding.

Design/methodology/approach

A three-dimensional electromagnetic model coupled with a circuit model validated by an experiment is developed to calculate the leakage field and current uniformity under four different types of secondary winding configurations. The four types of gaps between secondary windings are uniform gap, arithmetic progression (AP) gap, six sections with three different gaps and eight sections with four different gaps. A coefficient named as uneven degree is used to define the current nonuniformity.

Findings

The simulation results show that the currents and leakage field of double pancakes (DPs) on both sides are larger than those of the other DPs, and the currents of several middle DPs are smaller than the average rated current with an ISOB gap and larger than the average rated current with an IBOS gap. For any one of the four types of winding configurations, the type with the ISOB gap can prohibit the current nonuniformity more effectively, whereas the IBOS gap can decrease the leakage field more. The AP with the ISOB gap is a wise choice for decreasing the uneven degree and leakage field.

Practical implications

There is an optimal winding configuration for decreasing the leakage field and uneven degree of branch currents. The results and numerical model are very useful for the design of a HTS transformer.

Originality/value

The leakage field distribution and branch currents nonuniformity for 25 parallel DPs are investigated and optimized.

Keywords

Citation

Hu, D., Li, Z., Hong, Z. and Jin, Z. (2017), "Analysis of leakage field and current non-uniformity for HTS transformer windings using three dimension coupled field-circuit approach", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 320-331. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-04-2016-0150

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited