# A multi-valve controlled saturable reactor and its harmonic optimization

Yifan Wang (College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China)
Guozhu Chen (College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China)

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 1 July 2014

149

## Abstract

### Purpose

As arc suppression coils (ASCs), magnetically controlled reactors (MCRs) are usually operated in the single-phase mode. Due to the lack of a third order harmonic compensation circuit, the current harmonics are high. The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel structure of MCR and a genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the parameters which will result in minimum total harmonics.

### Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes the structure and the working principle of the multi-valve controlled saturable reactor (MCSR). There are several sorts of magnetic valves in the iron cores of the MCSR. The saturation degree of each magnetic valve is different when the same direct component of the magnetic flux is generated in the iron core, therefore current harmonics of different phases emerging, i.e. the total harmonics can be reduced. The magnetization characteristics and the mathematical model of the current harmonics of the MCSR are presented by introducing three parameters. The optimal values of the parameters that result in the smallest total harmonic distortion in the output current are calculated by a GA.

### Findings

The simulation and experimental results are coincident with the theoretical analyses, which prove the effectiveness of the proposed method on harmonic suppression.

### Practical implications

The method proposed in this paper can successfully reduce the current harmonics of the conventional MCR, including but not limited to the ASC. A prototype MCSR (540 kVA/10 kV) has been designed and constructed.

### Originality/value

In this paper, a MCSR is proposed. The mathematical model of the MCSR for harmonic analysis is developed. The optimal parameters that result in the smallest THD in the output current are calculated. The mathematical model can be also used for the harmonic analysis of conventional MCRs.

## Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 51177147 and Zhejiang Key Science and Technology Innovation Group Program under Grant 2010R50021.

## Citation

Wang, Y. and Chen, G. (2014), "A multi-valve controlled saturable reactor and its harmonic optimization", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 33 No. 4, pp. 1346-1365. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-04-2013-0136

## Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited