Design and performance analysis of live model of Bessel beamformer for adaptive array system
COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering
Article publication date: 1 July 2014
The purpose of this paper is to design and analyze the performance of live model of Bessel beamformer for thorough comprehension of beamforming in adaptive environment and compared with live model of least mean square (LMS) in terms of gain and mean square error (MSE). It presents the principal elements of communication system. The performance of designed live model is tested for its efficiency in terms of signal recovery, directive gain by minimizing MSE using the “wavrecord” function to bring live audio data in WAV format into the MATLAB workspace. These adaptive techniques are illustrated by appropriate examples.
The proposed algorithm framework relies on MATLAB software with the goal to obtain high efficiency in terms of signal recovery, directive gain by minimizing MSE using the “wavrecord” function to bring live audio data in WAV format. It is assumed that this audio signal is only the message or the baseband signal received by the computer. Here the authors consider computer (laptop) as a base station containing adaptive signal processing algorithm and source (mobile phone) as a desired user, so the experiment setup is designed for uplink application (user to base station) to differentiate between desired signal, multipath and interfering signals as well as to calculate their directions of arrival.
The presented adaptive live model is reliable, robust and lead to a substantial reduction of MSE, signal recovery in comparison with the LMS technique. The paper contains experimental data. Obtained results are presented clearly and the conclusion comes directly from the presented experimental data. The paper shows that the presented method leads to superior results in comparison with the popular LMS method and can be used as a better alternative in many practical applications.
The adaptive processes described in the paper are still limited to simulation. It is because of the non-availability of real system for testing, therefore chosen research approach that is platform of MATLAB is opted for simulation. Therefore, researchers are encouraged to test the proposed algorithms on real system if possible.
The paper contains experimental data. The paper's impact on the society is acceptable. These implications are consistent with the findings and the conclusions of the paper. However, there is a need to extend this paper to a next level by implementing the proposed algorithms in the real time environment using FPGA technology.
This research will improve the signal quality of wireless cellular system by increasing capacity and will reduce the total cost of the system so that cost toward subscribers be decreased.
The live model presented in this paper is shown to provide better results. It is the original work and can provide scientific contribution to signal processing community.
Yasin, M. and Akhtar, P. (2014), "Design and performance analysis of live model of Bessel beamformer for adaptive array system", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 33 No. 4, pp. 1434-1447. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-04-2013-0117
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