The purpose of this study is to develop a friction-type energy-harvesting device based on magnetic liquids (MLs). This MLs energy-harvesting device combines MLs with a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), reducing the friction thermal effect to improve the conversion efficiency and working frequency band.
First, the motion equation of the MLs is calculated using the Bernoulli and fluid continuity equations. Second, the sloshing process of an ML in a container is simulated using the finite element simulation method, and the magnetic field distribution of the permanent magnet in the MLs is calculated. Then, the output characteristic of the ML-TENG is deduced theoretically, and the influencing factors of the output voltage are analyzed. Finally, the output voltage of the MLs energy-harvesting device was tested experimentally, and the influence of the magnetic field on the output voltage was tested.
This study proposes a vibration energy harvesting device based on MLs. The output voltage of the device was obtained through simulation and experimental tests, and the effect of the magnetic field on the output voltage was obtained.
This study provides a method to convert vibration energy into electrical energy using the magnetic response and fluid characteristics of MLs, and the availability of the device is verified by simulation and experiment. This energy-harvesting device exhibits less loss and a more sensitive response.
This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China, under Grant E2020208039.
Yang, X., Chen, Y., Zhang, Y. and Yang, W. (2023), "Effect of magnetic field on output performance of magnetic liquid vibration energy harvester", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 42 No. 1, pp. 38-47. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-02-2022-0075
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