Real-time implementation of discrete Fourier transform phase analysis and fault tolerant control for PMSM in electric vehicles

Moez Abassi (École Nationale Supérieure D’ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Omar Khlaief (École Nationale Supérieure D’ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Oussama Saadaoui (École Nationale Supérieure D’ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Abdelkader Chaari (École Nationale Supérieure D’ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)
Mohamed Boussak (Ecole Centrale Marseille-LSIS UMR CNRS 7296, Marseille, France)

Abstract

Purpose

Electric vehicles (EVs) require uninterrupted and safe conditions during operations. Therefore, the diagnostic of power devices and electric motor faults are needed to improve the availability of the system. Hence, fault-tolerant control (FTC), which combines switch fault detection, hardware redundancy and post-fault control, is used. This paper aims to propose an accurate open-phase fault detection and FTC of a direct torque control permanent magnet synchronous motor electrical vehicles by using discrete Fourier-transform phase method.

Design/methodology/approach

The main idea is to propose detection and identification of open-phase fault (faulty leg) among three phases voltage source invertor (VSI)-fed permanent magnet synchronous motor drives. Once the faulty leg is detected and isolated, a redundant phase leg insertion, shared by a three-phase VSI, is done by using independent bidirectional TRIAC switches to conduct FTC system. This accurate fault detection significantly improves system availability and reliability. The proposed method of open-phase fault detection and identification is based only on stator phase current measurement.

Findings

A novel method is proposed with experimental validation for fault detection, isolation and FTC for a three-phase VSI-fed permanent magnet synchronous motor.

Originality/value

The novel discrete Fourier-transform phase method is proposed to detect an open phase based on the measurement in real time of the instantaneous phase of stator current components in the stationary frame. The experimental implementation is carried out on powerful dSpace DS1104 controller board based on the digital signal processor TMS320F240. The validity of the proposed method has been experimentally verified.

Keywords

Citation

Abassi, M., Khlaief, O., Saadaoui, O., Chaari, A. and Boussak, M. (2018), "Real-time implementation of discrete Fourier transform phase analysis and fault tolerant control for PMSM in electric vehicles", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 37 No. 1, pp. 432-447. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-02-2017-0052

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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