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Stability control of permanent magnet and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array electrodynamic suspension system

Cheng Luo (School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Kunlun Zhang (School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Da Liang (School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)
Yongzhi Jing (School of Electrical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China)

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering

ISSN: 0332-1649

Article publication date: 17 August 2021

Issue publication date: 8 October 2021

74

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to study the stability control of permanent magnet (PM) and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array electrodynamic suspension (EDS) system because of the poor suspension stability caused by the well-known under-damped nature of PM EDS system. The adjustment control is realized by PM and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array, which is composed by winding active normal conductor coils on PM surface.

Design/methodology/approach

The three-dimensional (3-D) electromagnetic force analytical expression of PM and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array EDS system for a nonmagnetic conductive plate is derived. And the accuracy of the derived equations is verified by a 3-D finite-element model (FEM). Basing on the 3-D levitation force expression, an acceleration feedback suspension controller is designed to suppress the vibration of PM EDS system, and the suspension stability of the system under the track and load disturbance was simulated and analyzed.

Findings

The 3-D electromagnetic force comparison of analytical model and FEM are in good agreement, which verifies the correctness of the analytical expression. The simulation results show that the acceleration feedback suspension controller can make the system have good suspension stability under the external disturbance. So it proved that the PM and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array EDS system can overcome the poor suspension stability caused by the under-damped nature of PM EDS system through the designed acceleration feedback suspension controller.

Originality/value

This paper designed an acceleration feedback suspension controller to suppress the vibration of PM and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array EDS system under external disturbance, basing on the derived levitation force analytical expression. And the simulation results show that the acceleration feedback suspension controller can make the system have good suspension stability under the external disturbance.

Keywords

Citation

Luo, C., Zhang, K., Liang, D. and Jing, Y. (2021), "Stability control of permanent magnet and electromagnetic hybrid Halbach array electrodynamic suspension system", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 40 No. 4, pp. 905-920. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-01-2021-0001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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