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A BIM-driven framework for integrating rules and regulations in the decommissioning of nuclear power plants

Akponanabofa Henry Oti (School of Engineering, University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)
Peter Farrell (School of Engineering, University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)
Fonbeyin Henry Abanda (Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK)
Paul McMahon (School of Engineering, University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)
Abdul-Majeed Mahamadu (Architecture and the Built Environment, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK)
Dingayo Mzyece (School of Energy, Construction and Environment, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)
Adeyemi Ayodele Akintola (School of the Built Environment, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK)
Nawal Prinja (Jacobs, Booths Park, Knutsford, UK)

Construction Innovation

ISSN: 1471-4175

Article publication date: 22 July 2021

Issue publication date: 28 November 2022




The relatively low capital cost and contributions to mitigating global warming have favoured the continuous construction and operation of nuclear power plants (NPPs) across the world. One critical phase in the operation of nuclear plants for ensuring the safety and security of radioactive products and by-products is decommissioning. With the advent of digital twinning in the building information modelling (BIM) methodology, efficiency and safety can be improved from context-focus access to regulations pertaining to demolition of structures and the cleaning-up of radioactivity inherent in nuclear stations. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to propose a BIM-driven framework to achieve a more regulation-aware and safer decommissioning of nuclear power plants.


The framework considers task requirements, and landscape and environmental factors in modelling demolition scenarios that characterise decommissioning processes. The framework integrates decommissioning rules/regulations in a BIM linked non-structured query system to model items and decommissioning tasks, which are implemented based on context-focussed retrieval of decommissioning rules and regulations. The concept’s efficacy is demonstrated using example cases of digitalised NPPs.


This approach contributes to enhancing improvements in nuclear plant decommissioning with potential for appropriate activity sequencing, risk reduction and ensuring safety.


A BIM-driven framework hinged on querying non-structured databases to provide context-focussed access to nuclear rules and regulations and to aiding decommissioning is new.



Oti, A.H., Farrell, P., Abanda, F.H., McMahon, P., Mahamadu, A.-M., Mzyece, D., Akintola, A.A. and Prinja, N. (2022), "A BIM-driven framework for integrating rules and regulations in the decommissioning of nuclear power plants", Construction Innovation, Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 809-830.



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