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Ownership structure, board of directors and firm performance: evidence from Taiwan

Mao-Feng Kao (Department of Accounting, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan)
Lynn Hodgkinson (Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)
Aziz Jaafar (Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, UK)

Corporate Governance

ISSN: 1472-0701

Article publication date: 8 October 2018

Issue publication date: 4 February 2019




Using a data set of listed firms domiciled in Taiwan, this paper aims to empirically assess the effects of ownership structure and board of directors on firm value.


Using a sample of Taiwanese listed firms from 1997 to 2015, this study uses a panel estimation to exploit both the cross-section and time–series nature of the data. Furthermore, two stage least squares (2SLS) regression model is used as robustness test to mitigate the endogeneity issue.


The main results show that the higher the proportion of independent directors, the smaller the board size, together with a two-tier board system and no chief executive officer duality, the stronger the firm’s performance. With respect to ownership structure, block-holders’ ownership, institutional ownership, foreign ownership and family ownership are all positively related to firm value.

Research limitations/implications

Although the Taiwanese corporate governance reform concerning the independent director system which is mandatory only for newly-listed companies is successful, the regulatory authority should require all listed companies to appoint independent directors to further enhance the Taiwanese corporate governance.


First, unlike most of the previous literature on Western developed countries, this study examines the effects of corporate governance mechanisms on firm performance in a newly industrialised country, Taiwan. Second, while a number of studies used a single indicator of firm performance, this study examines both accounting-based and market-based firm performance. Third, this study addresses the endogeneity issue between corporate governance factors and firm performance by using 2SLS estimation, and details the econometric tests for justifying the appropriateness of using 2SLS estimation.



Kao, M.-F., Hodgkinson, L. and Jaafar, A. (2019), "Ownership structure, board of directors and firm performance: evidence from Taiwan", Corporate Governance, Vol. 19 No. 1, pp. 189-216.



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