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Career adaptability and citizenship outcomes: a moderated mediation model

Chang Liu (School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China)
Kun Yu (School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 19 September 2019

Issue publication date: 25 October 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

Drawing upon the career construction theory (Savickas, 2002, 2013) and the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989, 2001), the purpose of this paper is to explore whether, how and when career adaptability influences citizenship outcomes (i.e. citizenship behavior and citizenship fatigue).

Design/methodology/approach

Two-wave data were collected from 306 employees working in the operation department of an e-commerce company in Eastern China.

Findings

The results showed that both affective commitment and emotional exhaustion mediated the relationship between career adaptability and both citizenship behavior and citizenship fatigue, revealing a dual-process mechanism. Moreover, both the positive association between career adaptability and affective commitment and the negative association between career adaptability and emotional exhaustion were stronger among employees with a high (vs low) level of hindrance stressors.

Research limitations/implications

This study sheds light on the mechanisms and boundary conditions of the career adaptabilities–citizenship outcomes relationship.

Originality/value

This is one of the first studies to investigate the mechanism of the relationship between career adaptability and citizenship outcomes using multi-wave data.

Keywords

Citation

Liu, C. and Yu, K. (2019), "Career adaptability and citizenship outcomes: a moderated mediation model", Career Development International, Vol. 24 No. 7, pp. 658-671. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-12-2018-0312

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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