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Emic vs etic frame of reference personality assessment in the prediction of work-related outcomes

Vlad Burtaverde (Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)
Dragos Iliescu (University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 19 September 2019

Issue publication date: 25 October 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of both work-related and emic contextualization of personality measurement in the prediction of work-related outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 224 employees completed work-contextualized and non-contextualized Big Five model measures, as well as contextualized emic personality measures, together with a number of measures for work-related outcomes.

Findings

Results showed that, after controlling for demographic variables and non-contextualized etic factors, etic contextualized factors predicted occupational stress, work engagement, job satisfaction, work frustration, turnover intention, career satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior. After controlling for demographic variables, non-contextualized etic factors and contextualized etic factors, emic contextualized personality factors predicted work engagement, job satisfaction, absenteeism, counterproductive workplace behaviors and organizational citizenship behaviors.

Research limitations/implications

The study has a number of limitations. First, the sample contained participants recruited from a low number of professional areas. Second, the sample consisted mostly of women, and relying on unbalanced samples may lead to construct irrelevant variance.

Practical implications

By using a combination of etic personality measures and contextualized emic personality measures, organizations can better predict a number of organizational outcomes related to extra-role performance, such as those considered in the present study.

Originality/value

This research showed that, in the case of personality assessment, using a double form of contextualization – frame of reference and culture – an increment in the prediction of organizational behaviors can be obtained.

Keywords

Citation

Burtaverde, V. and Iliescu, D. (2019), "Emic vs etic frame of reference personality assessment in the prediction of work-related outcomes", Career Development International, Vol. 24 No. 7, pp. 686-701. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-10-2018-0273

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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