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Healthcare professionals with calling are less likely to be burned out: the role of social worth and career stage

Bernadeta Goštautaitė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Vilnius, Lithuania)
Ilona Bučiūnienė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Vilnius, Lithuania)
Anna Dalla Rosa (University of Padua, Padua, Italy)
Ryan Duffy (University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA)
Haram Julia Kim (University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 1 October 2020

Issue publication date: 4 December 2020

910

Abstract

Purpose

The association of calling with burnout is not well understood. This study investigates how calling influences burnout and what the roles of social worth and career stage are in this relation. Drawing from the Conservation of Resources Theory, we expect that calling may be negatively associated with burnout through increased social worth and that career stage moderates these relationships.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a sample of 566 healthcare professionals, we conducted regression analyses with bootstrapping procedures to test the proposed hypotheses.

Findings

The findings show that social worth mediates the negative relation between calling and burnout. Additionally, the positive relation between calling and social worth was more pronounced for late-career employees; yet, the negative relation between social worth and burnout was stronger for early-career employees.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that searching and pursuing a professional calling is beneficial for individuals. Additionally, social worth is crucial in this relation and could be used to actively prevent burnout.

Originality/value

The study advances our understanding of the consequences of calling for employees by explaining the underlying mechanism between calling and burnout and its importance at different career stages.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by the Lithuanian Research Council (Project No. GER‐17071).

Citation

Goštautaitė, B., Bučiūnienė, I., Dalla Rosa, A., Duffy, R. and Kim, H.J. (2020), "Healthcare professionals with calling are less likely to be burned out: the role of social worth and career stage", Career Development International, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 649-670. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-10-2018-0255

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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