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Evaluating a job search strategy model of fit perceptions: a construct validation amongst unemployed job seekers

Emmanuel Affum-Osei (Department of Human Resources and Organisational Development, School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Henry Kofi Mensah (Department of Human Resources and Organisational Development, School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Eric Adom Asante (Department of Management, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong)
Solomon Kwarteng Forkuoh (Department of Entrepreneurship and Finance Management, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 26 March 2021

Issue publication date: 4 May 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the (1) psychometric properties of Crossley and Highhouse's job search strategy scale and (2) the predictive utility of the scale on fit perceptions.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from unemployed job seekers in Ghana (nT1 = 720; nT2 = 418). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the data.

Findings

Exploratory factor analysis on the first random sub-sample (n = 362) supported a three-factor model. Confirmatory factor analysis on the second random sub-sample (n = 358) confirmed the three-factor structure and was invariant across job search contexts and genders. Moreover, structural path results showed that the use of focussed and exploratory job search strategies facilitated positive fit perceptions and the use of haphazard job search resulted in poor job fit perceptions.

Originality/value

This study is the first to examine the dimensionality of job search strategies based on different job search context by linking it to fit perceptions. Moreover, the authors provide evidence that the job search strategy scale has a valid psychometric property and a promising instrument to assess job search behaviour across job search contexts and genders in an understudied population.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This research is supported by a thesis support grant provided to the first author as part of a fully-funded Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scholarship by the Research Grants Council (RGC).

Citation

Affum-Osei, E., Mensah, H.K., Asante, E.A. and Forkuoh, S.K. (2021), "Evaluating a job search strategy model of fit perceptions: a construct validation amongst unemployed job seekers", Career Development International, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 269-289. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-09-2020-0249

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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