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Perceived employability in university students: developing an integrated model

Paula Álvarez-González (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain)
María Jesús López-Miguens (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain)
Gloria Caballero (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an integrated model on perceived employability in university students, based on personal and contextual factors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use structural equation modelling to estimate a model that includes a set of variables, previously validated at exploratory and confirmatory levels, in order to measure personal and contextual factors involved in perceived employability. The sample comprises 816 university students selected by a stratified procedure.

Findings

The model explains how perceived employability in university students is built up. It identifies the involved factors and their level of influence and provides statistically valid and reliable measures for these factors.

Research limitations/implications

This study develops an integrated model which explains more than previous ones to know perceived employability of university students by combining personal and contextual factors. A limitation of the study lies in the use of a cross-sectional design, and the specificities of the cultural context as well as consideration of the labour market situation. Generalizing the results to other cultural contexts requires caution.

Practical implications

The model explains perceived employability in university students and provides validated scales at confirmatory level that can be used for futures studies in sociology, behavioural psychology, human resources management or education. The model and scales also serve as tools for evaluation that can be used by those responsible for such personal or contextual factors.

Originality/value

The development of an integrated model that explains perceived employability to a much higher degree than previous models.

Keywords

Citation

Álvarez-González, P., López-Miguens, M.J. and Caballero, G. (2017), "Perceived employability in university students: developing an integrated model", Career Development International, Vol. 22 No. 3, pp. 280-299. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-08-2016-0135

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited