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From personal resources to proactive work strategies and performance: testing the antecedents and outcomes of strengths use in a three-wave study

Zselyke Pap (Psychology, West University of Timisoara, Timișoara, Romania)
Luca Tisu (Psychology, West University of Timisoara, Timișoara, Romania) (Institute for Advanced Environmental Research (ICAM), West University of Timisoara, Timișoara, Romania)
Delia Vîrgă (Psychology, West University of Timisoara, Timișoara, Romania)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 2 December 2022

Issue publication date: 31 January 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory, this study aims to identify person-contingent antecedents and consequences of proactive strength-oriented behaviors at work. Thus, the authors propose and test a model in which psychological capital (PsyCap), as a personal resource, represents a precursor of strengths use, which in turn is a facilitator of employees' self-rated performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors tested the hypothesized mediation process through a cross-lagged study with three waves, using data collected from a sample of Romanian employees. The authors analyzed the data through structural equation modeling.

Findings

The results provided support for our model. The data showed significant, positive cross-lagged relationships between PsyCap, strengths use and performance across waves. Also, the authors identified a significant and positive indirect effect between PsyCap at T1 and performance at T3 through increased strengths use at T2.

Originality/value

This research brings new evidence for strengths use's placement as a proactive individual strategy within the JD-R theory. Practical implications are related to career self-management and work from home.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: This work was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, CNCS/CCCDI – UEFISCDI Romania, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-1880, within PNCDI III (https://uefiscdi.gov.ro/).

Citation

Pap, Z., Tisu, L. and Vîrgă, D. (2023), "From personal resources to proactive work strategies and performance: testing the antecedents and outcomes of strengths use in a three-wave study", Career Development International, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 55-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-06-2022-0146

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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