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The work-to-life conflict mediation between job characteristics and well-being at work: Part-time vs full-time employees

Maria José Chambel (Department of Psychology, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal)
Vânia Sofia Carvalho (University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal)
Francisco Cesário (ISPA – Instituto Universitário, Universidade Europeia, Lisbon, Portugal)
Silvia Lopes (Department of Psychology, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 8 May 2017




The purpose of this paper is to compare part-time and full-time employees, analyzing the relationship between job characteristics and workplace well-being (i.e. burnout and engagement) and the mediating role of the work-to-life conflict with a sample of 736 employees from 14 Portuguese call center companies.


The hypotheses were tested with multiple group analysis on two samples: part-time and full-time employees.


The results confirm that in both the part-time and full-time subsamples employees’ perceptions of job characteristics are related to their well-being, and the work-to-life conflict partially mediates this relationship. Moreover, the study confirms that the relationship between employees’ perceptions of job demands and the work-to-life conflict and between the work-to-life conflict and workplace well-being were stronger for full-time than for part-time employees.

Research limitations/implications

The co-relational and cross-sectional design should be regarded as limitations. Moreover, each variable was only assessed with self-reported measures, and the sample comprised call center employees from only one country (Portugal), which may constrain the generalization of these results.

Practical implications

Part-time work is a good solution in order to prevent the work-to-life conflict. Furthermore, a reduced workload and time pressure, enhanced decision latitude and supervisory support appear to be crucial work characteristics for employees juggling their work with other roles and in the promotion of well-being at work.


This research study provides evidence that the traditional vision of the work-family conflict requires a broader conceptualization by considering the interference between life roles, particularly in the case of full-time young employees.



Chambel, M.J., Carvalho, V.S., Cesário, F. and Lopes, S. (2017), "The work-to-life conflict mediation between job characteristics and well-being at work: Part-time vs full-time employees", Career Development International, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 142-164.



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