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Using embeddedness theory to explain self-initiated expatriation intention of entry-level job applicants

Bernadeta Goštautaitė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Vilnius, Lithuania)
Ilona Bučiūnienė (ISM University of Management and Economics, Vilnius, Lithuania)
Wolfgang Mayrhofer (Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria)
Karolis Bareikis (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania) (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital Kauno Klinikos, Kaunas, Lithuania)
Eglė Bertašiūtė (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 4 December 2019

Issue publication date: 19 March 2020

574

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explain why entry-level job applicants intend to leave their home country to work abroad by adopting the framework of country embeddedness (i.e. career and community embeddedness).

Design/methodology/approach

Hypotheses are tested using survey data of a sample of prospective healthcare entry-level job applicants (i.e. last year medical students) using hierarchical regression analyses and bootstrapping procedures.

Findings

Results show that, first, home country career and community embeddedness are negatively associated with self-initiated expatriation intention (SIE-intention). Second, developmental feedback reduces SIE-intention. This relationship is at least partly due to increased home country career embeddedness. Third, national identity reduces SIE-intention. The relationship is at least partly due to increased home country community embeddedness.

Originality/value

This paper advances the understanding of SIE by focusing on home country factors associated with the decision to work abroad, whereas the majority of current research mainly considers host country variables.

Keywords

Citation

Goštautaitė, B., Bučiūnienė, I., Mayrhofer, W., Bareikis, K. and Bertašiūtė, E. (2020), "Using embeddedness theory to explain self-initiated expatriation intention of entry-level job applicants", Career Development International, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 69-89. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-04-2019-0094

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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