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Do instrumental and symbolic factors interact in influencing employer attractiveness and job pursuit intention?

Shweta Kumari (School of Management and Labour Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India)
Gordhan K. Saini (School of Management and Labour Studies, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, India)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 18 September 2018

Issue publication date: 21 September 2018

Abstract

Purpose

The changing demographics of talent market calls for a better understanding of the expectations of diverse job seekers. However, there is limited research on employer attractiveness (EA) factors which cover the expectations of new generation job seekers. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of career growth opportunities (CGO), work–life benefits (WLB) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) reputation on the perceived attractiveness of an organization as an employer and the job pursuit intention (JPI) of job seekers.

Design/methodology/approach

A 2 (CGO: many vs limited)×2 (WLB: many vs limited)×2 (CSR reputation: high vs low) between-subjects experimental design was used for this study. A total of 240 respondents participated in the study.

Findings

The results showed that provision of CGO had the highest effect on both EA and JPI. This effect was strong enough to compensate for limited WLB and a low CSR reputation. A significant interaction effect between CGO and CSR reputation revealed that the effect of CSR reputation on EA depends on the availability of many or limited CGO.

Originality/value

The study contributes and expands literature on attributes relevant in job choice decisions by providing useful insights regarding how job seekers weigh these attributes while making an employment choice. Also, the study offers suggestions for designing organizations’ recruitment strategy for attracting talent.

Keywords

Citation

Kumari, S. and Saini, G.K. (2018), "Do instrumental and symbolic factors interact in influencing employer attractiveness and job pursuit intention?", Career Development International, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 444-462. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-03-2018-0069

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited