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Older employees' postretirement work planning: an application of the theory of planned behavior

Yisheng Peng (Department of Organizatioanl Science and Communication, George Washington University, Washington DC, District of Columbia, USA)
Hanyi Min (Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 23 June 2020

Issue publication date: 4 December 2020




Based on the theory of planned behavior, this study aims to examine antecedents of older workers' intentions to engage in postretirement work (PRW) and actual planning for PRW.


A cross-sectional survey design was used. About 469 nurses (≥45 years old) from Midwestern United States completed an online survey containing various self-reports on attitude, perceived control, subjective norm, intentions to engage in PRW and actual planning for PRW.


Results found that attitude and subjective norm (but not perceived control) were positively related to older employees' intentions to engage in PRW. Perceived control was positively related to actual planning for PRW. PRW intentions mediated the effects of attitude and subjective norm on older workers' actual planning for PRW. Finally, perceived control enhanced the positive effect of PRW intentions on actual planning for PRW.


This study contributes to the research by testing the application of the theory of planned behavior to the literature on PRW, further increasing our knowledge of the roles of individuals' attitudinal and cognitive factors in predicting older employees' PRW intentions and actual planning for PRW.



The author would like to thank Steve Jex, Ivica Pavisic, and Regan Sweeney for their help and support.Funding: This research study was supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health through the Pilot Research Project Training Program of the University of Cincinnati Education and Research Center Grant T42OH008432-11.


Peng, Y. and Min, H. (2020), "Older employees' postretirement work planning: an application of the theory of planned behavior", Career Development International, Vol. 25 No. 6, pp. 565-579.



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