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Do recovery experiences moderate the relationship between workload and work-family conflict?

Monica Molino (Psychology Department, University of Turin, Turin, Italy)
Claudio G. Cortese (Psychology Department, University of Turin, Turin, Italy)
Arnold B. Bakker (Department of Work & Organizational Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands AND Department of Applied Psychology, Lingnan University, Hong Kong, Hong Kong)
Chiara Ghislieri (Psychology Department, University of Turin, Turin, Italy)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 9 November 2015

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of four recovery experiences (psychological detachment from work, relaxation, mastery, and control) in preventing work-family conflict (WFC). Specifically, on the basis of WFC and recovery theories the authors hypothesized that workload would be positively related to WFC, and that recovery experiences would moderate this relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

The research involved 597 Italian employees (on pay-role or self-employed) from different occupational sectors. Participants filled-in an on-line questionnaire. Moderated structural equation modelling were used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

Results showed a positive relationship of workload with WFC. Regarding the hypothesized interaction effects, the relationship between workload and WFC was particularly strong under condition of low (vs high) psychological detachment, low relaxation, and low control.

Originality/value

This study highlights the beneficial role of recovery experiences in preventing the spillover of workload to the family domain, showing their moderating effects for the first time. These findings have several implications for both future research and practitioners.

Keywords

Citation

Molino, M., Cortese, C.G., Bakker, A.B. and Ghislieri, C. (2015), "Do recovery experiences moderate the relationship between workload and work-family conflict?", Career Development International, Vol. 20 No. 7, pp. 686-702. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-01-2015-0011

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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