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Turning the tables: Mitigating effects of proactive personality on the relationships between work-to-family conflict and work- and nonwork-related outcomes

Victor P. Lau (Department of Marketing and Management, Hang Seng Management College, Hong Kong, China)
Yin Yee Wong (Department of Management, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)
Cheris W.C. Chow (Department of Management and Marketing, University of Macau, Macau, China)

Career Development International

ISSN: 1362-0436

Article publication date: 16 September 2013

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Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on proactive coping theory, the authors aimed to test the mitigating effects of proactive personality on the relationships between work-to-family conflict and both work-related outcomes (i.e. career satisfaction and social network) and nonwork-related outcomes (i.e. life satisfaction and personal growth).

Design/methodology/approach

To increase the heterogeneity of sample, undergraduate students in a private university were randomly invited and then requested to invite any one of their parents, who had a full time job currently, to participate in the study. Sample size was 204, with a response rate of 75.56 percent.

Findings

As predicted, results showed that, for those who had a high level of proactive personality, the influences of work-to-family conflict on both work- and nonwork-related outcomes were all significantly mitigated, as compared with those who had a low level of proactive personality.

Originality/value

In this paper, the authors initiated a new insight into work-family interface research by advocating that individuals may “transfer” or reallocate their resources across the work and family domains. They labeled this phenomenon as work-family reallocation, which was supposedly to be differentiated from the prevailing concepts of either work-family conflict or work-family facilitation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from research grants provided by the Research Committee of University of Macau (RC Ref No: MYRG002(Y2-L1)-FBA11-CWC).

Citation

P. Lau, V., Yee Wong, Y. and W.C. Chow, C. (2013), "Turning the tables: Mitigating effects of proactive personality on the relationships between work-to-family conflict and work- and nonwork-related outcomes", Career Development International, Vol. 18 No. 5, pp. 503-520. https://doi.org/10.1108/CDI-01-2012-0020

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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