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The spatial distribution of Airbnb providers in Brussels: different drivers for different types of hosts?

Marek Endrich (Interface Demography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium)
Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe (Interface Demography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium)
Rafael Costa (Interface Demography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium and Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)-KNAW/University of Groningen, The Hague, The Netherlands)
Lena Imeraj (Department of Geography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussel, Belgium)
Sylvie Gadeyne (Interface Demography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium)

Consumer Behavior in Tourism and Hospitality

ISSN: 2752-6666

Article publication date: 2 June 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to compare the spatial distribution of different types of Airbnb hosts – based on a novel typology – and to investigate their association with neighbourhood characteristics in Brussels.

Design/methodology/approach

This study describes the location of Airbnb dwellings across the types of hosts and use spatial tests to compare their distributions to the traditional hospitality industry. With regression models, this study examines the relationship between the provision of Airbnb listings and neighbourhood indicators.

Findings

While different types of hosts offer their listings in the same urban space, they also cover different areas and exhibit different clustering processes. Their locations are associated with structural, socio-economic and demographic neighbourhood characteristics that vary across the types and provide support for the new typology.

Research limitations/implications

This study focuses on the type of Airbnb hosts and their listings in one year, 2019. It would be worthwhile to apply the typology to other cities and to observe how the distributions change over time, including the period of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is the first to suggest a finer typology of Airbnb hosts than the regular distinction into professional and non-professional types and reveals how hosts differ in the location of their Airbnbs.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Innoviris.Brussels under Grant 2019-PRB-10.

Citation

Endrich, M., Verhaeghe, P.-P., Costa, R., Imeraj, L. and Gadeyne, S. (2022), "The spatial distribution of Airbnb providers in Brussels: different drivers for different types of hosts?", Consumer Behavior in Tourism and Hospitality, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/CBTH-10-2021-0250

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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