The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impacts of China’s urban segregation caused by hukou restrictions on food consumption.
Based on the 2007–2009 Urban Household Survey data from six China provinces conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the authors adopt a propensity score matching (PSM) method to correct for potential selection bias. A Rosenbaum bounds test is applied to evaluate the sensitivity of the PSM results to unobserved variables.
The results show that holding rural hukou (RHs) reduces the consumption of livestock products and vegetables and fruit by 8.8 and 4.8 percent, respectively. The status of hukou does not affect the consumption of grain and edible oil. Hukou impacts on food consumption are heterogeneous across income levels, with low-income and middle-income households more vulnerable to urban segregation and hukou discriminations. A stronger motivation for precautionary saving and higher welfare expenditures that not compensated by social security lead to the lower food consumption by migrant households with RHs.
This paper advances the research frontier by investigating the impacts of hukou system on the structure of food consumption, which accurately reflects the household welfare.
This study is funded by the Earmarked Fund for the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (ASTIP-IAED-2017), the Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund (No. 1610052016001) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71803189). The authors would like to thank Jutta Roosen, Xiaohua Yu and Zhihao Zheng for their valuable comments and suggestions. Any errors or omissions are the responsibility of the authors.
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