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Understanding the evolution of the slack–performance relationship from a bibliometric perspective

María A. Agustí (Contabilidad y Economia Financiera, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain)
José L. Galán (Administracion de Empresas y Comercializacion e Investigacion de Mercados, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain)
Francisco J. Acedo (Administración de Empresas y Marketing, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain)

Baltic Journal of Management

ISSN: 1746-5265

Article publication date: 4 May 2021

Issue publication date: 20 May 2021




The purpose of this paper is to analyse and classify the literature that links slack resources with performance, determining the diversity and coherence within the field, as well as possible future research trends.


Using Web of Science information, a dynamic co-citation and co-word analysis was developed, enabling identification of the theoretical foundations that have accompanied the study of the slack–performance relationship and the research trends associated with these types of resources and their temporal evolution.


Document co-citation and co-word analysis and its evaluation present a growing diversity of literature but which maintains links to the core works, giving coherence to this research field. The key theoretical approaches remain stable over time but with fragmentation of the topics analysed. Results allowed identification of a number of emerging research trends, achieving a level of consolidation within the field, with research fronts linked to those trends.


Slack resources have a large trajectory within the management field. However, it is believed only basic bibliometric analyses of the literature have been made and none has developed an analysis of the evolution. This work is useful not only for incipient researchers to better understand the theoretical bases upon which the current work is based but also for the identification of possible gaps and unanswered research questions. The results complement previous research, with qualitative or meta-analytic perspectives, fundamental in understanding the structure and evolution of this research field.



This research was supported by the research group GIRCO (Grupo de Investigación sobre Recursos y Capacidades Organizativas), funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (grant no. ECO2017-84364-R).


Agustí, M.A., Galán, J.L. and Acedo, F.J. (2021), "Understanding the evolution of the slack–performance relationship from a bibliometric perspective", Baltic Journal of Management, Vol. 16 No. 3, pp. 479-499.



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