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Antecedents, mediators and consequences of sustainable operations: A framework for analysis of the manufacturing industry

Julio Cesar Ferro De Guimarães (Post-Graduate Program in Administration (PPGA-UnP) and Post-Graduate Program in Process Engineering (PPGEP/UnP), Universidade Potiguar , Natal, Brazil)
Eric Charles Henri Dorion (Post-Graduate Program in Administration (PPGA-UCS), Universidade de Caxias do Sul , Caxias do Sul, Brazil)
Eliana Andréa Severo (Post-Graduate Program in Administration (PPGA-UnP), Universidade Potiguar , Natal, Brazil)

Benchmarking: An International Journal

ISSN: 1463-5771

Article publication date: 28 January 2019

Issue publication date: 19 August 2020




The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for analyzing the relationships between the antecedent factors, mediators and consequences of sustainable operations (SO), which can be applied for empirical studies in the manufacturing industry.


Based on the importance of identifying the determinants of SO, a qualitative and exploratory research was developed through an extensive review of the literature.


The main theoretical contribution of this research on organizational studies is the SO analysis proposition framework, which allows the elaboration of scales, based on observable variables of each factor, as well as evaluating the influence intensity of the relations between the constructs.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed framework of this research was developed to analyze companies of the manufacturing industry. In order to use the proposed framework in other industries (commerce, services), it will be necessary to make adaptations and adjustments on the observable variables and constructs.


The paper has an important theoretical value in proposing scales for the SO factors and can be useful for future quantitative approach and surveys. Consequently, the researcher will be able to evaluate the scales of the factors and the intensity of the relations between observable variables in the formation of the constructs, as well as the intensity of influence among the constructs.



De Guimarães, J.C.F., Dorion, E.C.H. and Severo, E.A. (2020), "Antecedents, mediators and consequences of sustainable operations: A framework for analysis of the manufacturing industry", Benchmarking: An International Journal, Vol. 27 No. 7, pp. 2189-2212.



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